Ο τοπικός πολιτισμός της περιοχής των Τζουμέρκων
Υπόμνημα:

Social Structures

The mountainous region of Tzoumerka dictates to its residents how to adapt in its rugged landscape. But at the same time this landscape hosts some very unique cultural activities which over time have left their mark. Furthermore the region’s geography and topography allow us to speak about inaccessible settlements. The organizational structure of these settlements has changed over time but the community has consistently remained the basic administrative unit and management body that carries out a number of social and cultural functions.

But ethnic groups are also important. In the example of the βλάχοι (vlachoi) communities we encounter, depending on the season, mobile sheep farmers known as the Sarakatsanoi. We also encounter The Gypsies. Within these communities, the family was the main production unit that took care of all work and financial duties. Work activities were largely determined by the Family Institution and were assigned according to gender and divided in terms of agriculture-livestock and manufacturing. Over time due to demographic transitions, historical events as well as the reality of shortages and scarcity of natural resources a new economic system would develop. This new system merged livestock with commercial activity and gradually created class divisions or the socially included and the socially excluded. This social divide becomes particularly evident in the example of the βλαχοχωρία (vlachochoria), a cluster of settlements in the region. These communities would greatly prosper during the 18th-19th centuries thanks to a combination of manufacturing and trade.