Ο τοπικός πολιτισμός της περιοχής των Τζουμέρκων
Υπόμνημα:

The Natural Environment – Anthropography

no images were found

The Tzoumerka region’s landscape possesses a distinct anthropogeography which is equally diverse inside the region just as it is as a whole. The region lies on the central-southern part of the Pindos mountain range while its borders are defined by two rivers. Arachthos River is west and Achelous River is east of the region. In the region’s southern part the rivers meet the mountains of Valtos while in its northern part, the mountain range of Tzoumerka (i.e. Kakarditsa) comes into contact with Mount Lakmos through Mount Baros. As a whole, 47 settlements make up the region. From an administrative point of view they are regulated under the laws of Ioannina, Arta and Trikala. In the past the region was quite distinct, especially because during the period of 1881 -1913 Tzoumerka belonged to both the Greek and Turkish states. Despite the region’s aforementioned administrative division the feeling and consciousness of belonging to an anthropogeography and cultural unity is known to still exist in the inhabitants of the place. These feelings shape the lives of individuals and mainly identify the “professional” activities that are carried out by its people. Primary production activities and relationships among people are defined by the dialectical relationship between the inhabitants and their natural environment. In the mountainous region of Tzoumerka a key activity is nomadic or seminomadic sheep farming. Agriculture was only a complementary activity to achieving self-sufficiency. The rearing of livestock evolved mainly in a vegetation zone which extends around the settlements of up to an altitude of 1500 meters. Regarding agriculture adverse weather conditions and the geomorphology of the soil allows the growth of crops that were only intended to partially meet the needs of a household and community. Over time and through specific historical developments other complementary and more technically advanced tools surfaced that came to define specific locations and their identities. Roughly, let’s mention the settlement of Pramanta which became known for its craftsmen. The settlement of Syrrako built its reputation on its expert tailors and trading of the woolen cloak. Kallarytes was the Silversmiths Settlement. Matsouki and Vathipedo were renowned for their cheesemakers and sheep farmers. When residents shifted toward the more technical and commercial activities this was interpreted as a the mountain world’s response and adaptation to the prospects of a consumer economy in the 18th-19th century.