Ο τοπικός πολιτισμός της περιοχής των Τζουμέρκων
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The Residence

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 The architecture in the region of Tzoumerka is an extension of the natural space. The design has adapted functionally and aesthetically to the organic environment and its geographical, geomorphological and climatic profile [1]. From a historical perspective three types of residence are identified in these mountainous communities. First, there is the detached house with two rooms laid out over two stories. Second, there is the ντεβίτικο (devitiko) type residence which is double the size and includes an animal barn. Third, there is the ανωκάτωγο (anokatogo) that eventually succeeded the devitiko type residence. A unique feature to this third type of residence is known as στερφογάλαρο (sterfogalaro), i.e. half of the home consists of a small, squalid constructed space located at the home’s entrance while the other half is a two story dwelling. This unique feature is due to the land’s elevation that requires an uphill access.

In many cases the residence was essentially considered as nothing more than simply a roof over one’s head and thus its inside décor was very simple. This was usually the case for seasonal migrant farmers who lived in the settlement’s periphery as opposed to the merchants whose homes were located in the heart of the settlement.  Nowadays this type of residence is preserved only in the traditional settlements of Syrrako and Kalarrytes. The late 18th and early 19th centuries are identified as the great centuries of transition where many changes occurred especially in the region’s socio-economic status. Consequently such changes also lead to the transformation of the standard Tzoumerka home. The homes of the upper social classes gradually begin to stand out because of their owners’ conspicuous consumption. Their two-story homes are now closer to the Main Square and are decorated with ornate objects imported from the West.

A key milestone in the residential developments of the region’s remaining communities will follow the earthquake of 1967 which destroyed most of the old buildings. Unfortunately there was no will to preserve the traditional architecture during the reconstruction phase thus resulting in the loss of the special residential character that was unique to the region.

See also: Homeware and Furniture.

[1]. Vassilis Nitsiakos, Prefecture of Ioannina: Contemporary Cultural Geography, Local Government of Ioannina, 1998, p 59.