Ο τοπικός πολιτισμός της περιοχής των Τζουμέρκων
Υπόμνημα:

Sheep Farming

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Sheep farming is the main primary production activity in the Tzoumerka region. The applied model is one of nomadic or seminomadic seasonal migration from the winter pastures to the summer fields. But nomadic and seminomadic sheep farming required the management of large herds which in turn required large acres of pasture lands and a corresponding workforce. Because of this reality many families would gather their herds together. This mixing of herds and cooperation among farmers ensured the animals’ health and the production of livestock goods. This informal cooperative was called τσελιγκάτο (tseligato).

The tseligato was one of many cooperatives that ensured best use of the region’s assets. Nonetheless cooperatives impacted on their members’ personal relationships seeing that these were mostly made up of family members.Cooperatives also outlined the social obligations of its members. How to manage the livestock capital was directly linked to the distribution issue of pasture lands which was determined through customary practices and based on written agreements between community members. Aside from the seminomadic sheep farming of larger or smaller herds, livestock activity also included the management of domestic animals (e.g. goats, cows). The women would look after the household’s animals or the community would hire a seasonal shepherd (i.e. the gidaris).

Oral Testimonies.