Ο τοπικός πολιτισμός της περιοχής των Τζουμέρκων
Υπόμνημα:

Agriculture

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Agricultural production in the region of Tzoumerka is directly linked with the objective of achieving self-sufficiency. Residents grow vegetables according to the terrain and the soil’s composition. The communal area is divided into zones that are defined by a specific type of farm or rather a combination of work activities. The fertile farmlands stretch around the settlements and are fully exploited and reinforced using stiles and the practice of crop rotation. At the same time there is also considerable use of the forest land to meet the needs of the crop. Ρόγγια (Roggia) was a prevalent practice during the Ottoman Occupation. A raffle determined the distribution of arable land to families while the community assigned specific tasks to specific persons. The water bearer and the rural constable were respectively in change of water distribution and the protection of cultivated land from encroachments. For the needs of the animals the rural constable would supervise the process of grass collection from the communal estates.

In Matsouki, agricultural production mainly provided wheat, corn, legumes and vegetables which were cultivated by residents in small gardens or in their courtyards. Some families even kept beehives to meet their everyday needs. The region’s overall output was not able to cover the needs of all residents. Due to lack of money the supply of basic staples was achieved by exchanges in kind or by seasonal employment. Gradually a network of trade relationships developed with neighboring communities and with the commercial centers of Epirus and Thessaly. Residents could find wheat and corn in Arta and Thessaly. Groups of women would migrate seasonally to work in the cotton fields of Thessaly over the summer as well as pick olives in Thesprotia and Preveza.

Oral Testimonies.