Ο τοπικός πολιτισμός της περιοχής των Τζουμέρκων
Υπόμνημα:

Wood Carvings and Crafts

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The development of wood carvings and crafts is thanks to the craftsmen of Epirus, including those of Metsovo and Tzoumerka but especially in the county of Konitsa and particularly in the settlements of Turnovo, Liskatsi, Vourbiani and Chioniades. In Epirus the conditions for the development of woodcarving were favorable due to the abundance of raw materials and the region’s political and economic stability in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. The development of the arts was of course associated with the area’s ongoing demographic changes, its barren vegetation and constant migration which would eventually lead to the abandonment of agricultural work and sheep farming.

The woodcarvers, also known as the tagiadori, possess an expertise that is unique and much sought after. Organized in crowds, which were mostly made up of family members and relatives, they’d depart from their villages in search of employment. Departure reference dates were the feast days of St. George and St. Demetrios. The Hatzimichalis Family was very proud of their crafts and considered themselves superior to carpenters and jewelers who they’d disparagingly call peddlers.

As they worked they wouldn’t allow anyone to watch. Often times they’d create the wood works of their homes. The craftsman and client would agree on a design, its price, the payment terms and delivery date. On many occasions the commissioners of Churches, with whom the wood carvers agreed on work deals, supplied them with reference letters which they’d show when they traveled to other areas.

Woodworks also include the amateur wood crafts of herders. Some of these bear no decoration such as utensils (e.g. trays, rolling pins) while others such as spinning wheels and walking canes bear elaborate ornamentation. The ornamental themes take on decorative, narrative and symbolic features (i.e. themes related to religious or magical beliefs).